International Journal of Biotechnology and Microbiology
2019, Vol. 1, Issue 1
Phytosociology and distribution of dominant plant community types along the road from fukum khors omerah: A costal area east of Aden, Yemen
Abdul Nasser Al-Gifri, Abeer A Saeed, Hana A Al-Quhbi
This paper is a survey of the plant communities along the road from Fukum, Aden to Khor Omerah, and Lahej on the coast of the Gulf of Aden. The area consists mainly of sandy, sand dunes and salt marshes with few flood flowing paths. The plant vegetation of the area is rather very poor, but the rain helps number of annuals and perennials herbs to grow forming good range for camels and bees, 30 sites with number of stands, were chosen and nine plant communities are found. Diptergium glaucum with Zygophyllum simplex, play very important role in reproduction of Bees. Therophytes were the prevailed life forms, indicating a typical desert life-form spectrum (chameo-therophytic) type, followed by Hemicryptophyte. The chorological analysis revealed a total of 14 species representing 46.6 % fell under monoregional, 16 species (53.3%) as biregional area. Somali-Masai (MS) element was the most common.